Gastric Bypass Surgery

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Intro To Gastric Bypass Surgery

Intro To Gastric Bypass Surgery

Obviously, being an obese person puts you in a dangerous zone! Obesity is a chronic condition that has negative consequences on nearly every system in your body. Fortunately, in the last 3 decades, surgeons have started to perform surgery that has the potential to treat obesity and end the struggle of many people. Let’s introduce you to gastric bypass surgery! Gastric bypass surgery, formally called roux-en-Y (spelled “roo-en-why”), is a type of weight loss surgery that alters the way your body handles food by creating a small pouch from your stomach and connecting the new pouch directly to your small intestine. Interestingly, this surgery becomes the most commonly performed obesity procedure in the United States because it provides great weight loss with manageable side effects.

Benefits of Gastric Bypass Surgery

Gastric bypass surgery is very effective and helpful for obese people. After the surgery, your stomach will be smaller, and you will feel full quickly after eating. In short, the surgery can grant you the following benefits:

Benefits of Gastric Bypass Surgery
  • 1Lose excess weight by 60 to 80% in a very short period of time!
  • 2Limit how many calories and nutrients your body can absorb from food
  • 3Limit the amount of food your stomach can keep or hold
  • 4Feel fuller for a longer time and decrease your appetite
  • 5Get long-lasting results and prevent obesity-related health problems
  • 6Bring positive changes to your gut hormones and treat metabolic syndrome caused by obesity
  • 7Be like celebrities, such as Sally Morgan and Randy Jackson, who underwent the surgery before to fight obesity!

Candidates for Gastric Bypass Surgery

As is the case with all major surgery, you need first to find a qualified and skilled surgeon who has enough experience performing obesity surgery. Often, they request additional testing and perform a physical examination to determine whether a gastric bypass is the best option for you. Your surgeon may also do the following:

 Candidates for Gastric Bypass Surgery
  • 1Determine the best type of gastric bypass surgery for you and the surgery method (open or laparoscopic).
  • 2Advise you to shower using antibacterial soap, particularly on the night or morning of the surgery.
  • 3Instruct you to start a low-calorie liquid diet (water, protein shakes, etc.) about 1-4 weeks before the procedure.
  • 4Advise you to arrange for a driver or someone to take you from the hospital to your house and remain with you for a few days after surgery.
  • 5Instruct you to stop taking certain medications, such as ibuprofen and naproxen.
  • 6Ask you to stop smoking at least three months before your surgery.

Steps of Gastric Bypass Surgery

Surgeons usually perform the surgery in a hospital under general anesthesia and need around 60 to 90 minutes to finish it. Currently, there are two main ways to perform the surgery, namely open surgery and laparoscopy. Open surgery involves making a large incision in your abdomen to make the necessary changes. Laparoscopy, on the other hand, consists of the use of a laparoscope (tiny camera) to navigate the abdomen and make the right moves. In either case, gastric bypass surgery commonly requires two main steps:

1. Shrinking the Stomach

1. Shrinking the Stomach

To make your stomach smaller, your surgeon will divide your stomach into a smaller upper region and a bigger lower section by using surgical staples. So, the food will go into the upper part of your stomach, which now will be like a “pouch” the size of a big walnut. This pouch only can receive 28 grams of food.

2. Bypassing the Stomach & Intestines

2. Bypassing the Stomach & Intestines

The bypass refers to connecting a little portion of your small intestine (called jejunum) to a tiny hole in the pouch (upper portion of the stomach). This new opening will allow the food to pass from the pouch into your small intestine directly; thus, absorbing less calories.

Recovery After Gastric Bypass Surgery

You’re likely to spend 2-5 days in the hospital following this surgery. The recovery phase may involve:

Recovery After Gastric Bypass Surgery
  • 1Expect to feel quite exhausted and tired, but you still need to do short walks around your house to promote recovery.
  • 2Keep optimal wound care and prevent infection by following post-operative recommendations given by your surgeon.
  • 3Eat soft and liquid foods after the surgery and move to solid meals after a few weeks. A dietician will provide you with the right advice regarding this important matter.
  • 4Finally, you may need to take vitamin and mineral supplements to replace those that are typically absorbed in the “bypassed” sections of your digestive system.

Risks of Gastric Bypass Surgery

Although generally safe and highly effective, gastric bypass surgery remains a major surgery that carries different risks and potential side effects, including:

Risks of Gastric Bypass Surgery
  • 1Dumping syndrome, which happens due to the quick passing of food from the stomach to the small intestine. This results in uncomfortable symptoms, such as diarrhea, nausea, and fainting.
  • 2Stomach expansion to its original size
  • 3Breakdown of surgical staples or stomach perforation
  • 4Vitamin and mineral deficiencies
  • 5Intestinal stenosis
  • 6Gallstones formation
  • 7Stomach ulcers
  • 8Bowel obstruction

Although gastric bypass surgery is a very successful kind of weight loss surgery, it is not the right choice for everyone. You should meet the following criteria to be eligible for this surgery: Very obese or have a body mass index (BMI) over 40 Tried other means for weight loss, but without success Have health issues related to obesity, such as diabetes type 2 or hypertension Ready to follow the instructions and lifestyle changes before and after the surgery

Yes, but sometimes side effects can appear, just like any other surgery.

Gastric bypass surgery takes between 2-4 hours.

The main benefit is weight loss, but it also helps treat obesity-related conditions, such as: – Type 2 diabetes – Hypertension – Heart problems

Fortunately, gastritis is not a common complication after gastric bypass surgery.

Because the patient can lose weight faster than gastric sleeve.



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