Orthodontics

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Intro To Orthodontics

Intro To Orthodontics

Let’s guess! Your teeth don’t meet correctly when you bite because they’re crowded or crooked, and you need a permanent solution to this, right? You also might be worried about damaging your teeth and find it hard to keep them clean. Well, let’s introduce you to braces or orthodontics, which hold the key to ending your struggle! Orthodontics is a specialty of dentistry that aims at improving the alignment of crooked or crowded teeth and treating bite problems or malocclusion. Such problems can arise out of injuries, bad habits, or hereditary reasons. The orthodontic treatment depends on using orthodontic devices, which can be fixed (such as braces) or removable (such as aligners, headgear, and retainers).

Benefits of Orthodontics

Orthodontics carries both therapeutic and aesthetic benefits. The treatment leads to better chewing function and improves the appearance of the mouth. In short, the treatment can grant you the following benefits:

Benefits of Orthodontics
  • 1Correct your bite and teeth crowding inside your mouth
  • 2Straighten your crooked teeth and prevent further damage
  • 3Close wide gaps between your teeth and reduce the risk of dental caries
  • 4Improve your speech ability and get a clearer pronunciation
  • 5Prevent malocclusions, which may cause gum injury and trauma
  • 6Improve your self-esteem and get a better-looking smile

Candidates for Orthodontics

The dentist is often the first to notice malocclusion and misaligned teeth during a usual visit. They usually refer patients to a specialized “orthodontist” to get the necessary treatment. An orthodontist can perform the right examinations and provide the optimal consultation. To prepare you for orthodontic treatment, your orthodontist may do the following:

 Candidates for Orthodontics
  • 1Perform a comprehensive oral exam
  • 2Take clinical photos of your teeth
  • 3Order X-ray imaging, especially panoramic (360 degrees) X-rays
  • 4Create molds (impressions) of your teeth

Steps of Orthodontics

Orthodontic treatment needs around 18 and 24 months to be completed, depending on the complexity of the problem. The steps of the treatment involve the following:

1. Brace Placement

1. Brace Placement

The first appointment involves the placement of braces. This process requires time and patience and starts by providing a place to cement on the brackets to prepare the surface of the teeth and place the first wire. Based on predetermined positions, your orthodontist cements the brackets in place after priming your teeth.

2. Wire Insertion

2. Wire Insertion

To insert the first wire, your orthodontist cuts the right length of the wire and may insert bends into the wire to encourage faster movements for the teeth into the new positions. Furthermore, they place the wire into the brackets and close their doors.

3. Wire Adjustment

3. Wire Adjustment

After 3-4 weeks, you must visit your orthodontist again to do the right adjustments. This process involves shortening the wire, inserting a new one, or bending it again. Patients usually need to visit their orthodontists repeatedly to adjust the wire to manipulate the teeth’s position in a different way as needed.

4. Brace Removal

4. Brace Removal

Once your teeth occupied the right positions, your orthodontist finishes the treatment by removing the braces. Brace removal is usually simple and doesn’t involve any sort of pain.

Recovery After Orthodontics

Remember the following instructions during and after your orthodontic treatment:

Recovery After Orthodontics
  • 1Maintain proper oral hygiene and avoid certain sticky foods that can stuck under the braces.
  • 2Avoid foods and drinks with high sugar and hard foods that can break braces or the bond between the brackets.
  • 3Brush your teeth adequately, especially after lunch, to avoid damage to the enamel.
  • 4Use fluoride mouth rinses and interdental brushes to clean beneath the dental archwires.
  • 5Your orthodontist will give you a “retainer” after one to two weeks of brace removal to keep the stability of your teeth.
  • 6Wear the retainer all day during the first six months after brace removal. After this period, you can wear it only at night.

Risks of Orthodontics

Orthodontic treatment provides great advantages, but it also has some disadvantages that you need to be aware of. For instance, not all people get their desired outcome from the treatment. In addition, orthodontic treatment contributes to the following risks:

Risks of Orthodontics
  • 1Tooth decay (if oral hygiene is neglected)
  • 2Dissolving of teeth’s roots
  • 3Gum inflammation

Dentists usually suggest orthodontic treatment for people with fully developed teeth. For children, this happens around 12 or 13 years. Your dentist may suggest orthodontic treatment for you in case you have one of the following problems: Your upper teeth come behind the bottom instead of coming a front of them (underbite) Your top and bottom front teeth don’t properly come up together (open bite) Your top front teeth cover the lower front teeth too much (overbite) One or more of your upper teeth don’t line up perfectly with your bottom teeth (crossbite) The tops of your front teeth significantly protrude (overjet)

– The best age to start receiving orthodontics depends on the type of abnormalities or deformities that need treatment. – But the child may need to see an orthodontist before he reaches the age of 7 years to start treatment if necessary. – The earlier patients are seen by a doctor, the more likely they will receive easier and more successful treatment.

– The length of treatment varies depending on the type and severity of the jaw problem and the age and collaboration of the patient. – The treatment period lasts about two years. – The patient visits the doctor every 4 to 6 weeks on average.

– Avoid chewing gum and sweets. – Chew food and fruits into small pieces and use the back molars to crunch them. – Avoid using your front teeth to chew foods such as fruits, pizza, toast, apples, cucumbers, and cabbage.

Tooth sensitivity occurs when the gums recede from the teeth or when gum tissue is lost and the tooth root becomes exposed below the gum.

In this case, the severity of jaw problems will increase and the patient may need to extract their teeth or undergo jaw surgery.



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