LASIK Surgery

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Intro To LASIK Surgery

Intro To LASIK Surgery

Thanks to laser eye surgeries such as LASIK, problems like nearsightedness and farsightedness are no longer an issue for millions of people around the globe! In 2019 alone, more than 23 million people underwent LASIK procedures in the United States to correct their vision problems! Laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) is a laser surgery that can permanently reshape the corneal tissue to help you see better without glasses or contact lenses. It helps the light bends correctly and focuses on your retina. During surgery, doctors use an excimer laser to produce a concentrated beam of cool ultraviolet (UV) light to remove a tiny part of corneal tissue. Interestingly, the first LASIK surgery was performed in the United States in 1991.

Benefits of LASIK Surgery

LASIK Surgery can dramatically improve your vision and boost your quality of life. Below are the benefits of this procedure:

Benefits of LASIK Surgery
  • 1Improve your vision and eliminates the need for eyeglasses or contact lenses
  • 2Treat refractive errors, such as nearsightedness (myopia), farsightedness (hyperopia), or astigmatism
  • 3Get satisfactory and long-lasting results (95% of people who have had LASIK surgery are satisfied with the results)
  • 4Enjoy a convenient, cost-effective solution without the need for repetition

Candidates for LASIK Surgery

First, you must contact an experienced eye doctor or a respected clinic that offers LASIK treatment regularly to patients. To prepare you for surgery, they may do the following:

 Candidates for LASIK Surgery
  • 1Perform a complete eye exam to assess the thickness of your cornea and the kind of refractive error you have.
  • 2Ask you about your medications and medical history.
  • 3Ask you to stop wearing contact lenses for around 2 weeks before the surgery.

Steps of LASIK Surgery

LASIK surgery is a painless procedure that only takes around 15 minutes for both eyes and can be done in a doctor’s office or clinic. The steps include the following:

1. Anesthesia

1. Anesthesia

Your doctor use eye drops to numb both your eyes and spare you any pain.

2. Eyelid Stabilization

2. Eyelid Stabilization

Next, your doctor uses an eyelid holder to keep your eyelid open during the procedure.

3. Flap Creation

3. Flap Creation

Using a small blade or a laser, your doctor will make a flap in the outer layer of the cornea and lift the flap gently.

4. Cornea Reshaping

4. Cornea Reshaping

your doctor will reshape your cornea and fix irregularities using an excimer laser or custom laser.

5. Reattaching the Flap

5. Reattaching the Flap

Finally, they will place the flap in its original position without stitches as it can heal on its own.

Recovery After LASIK Surgery

Immediately after the procedure, you need to rest for a bit because you may feel burning or itching. Someone should drive you home as you can’t drive after the surgery. Remember the following instructions in the days that follow:

Recovery After LASIK Surgery
  • 1Expect some haziness or blurry vision after the surgery, but all these symptoms often disappear the next day.
  • 2Avoid wearing contact lenses, using eye makeup, or engaging in contact sports.
  • 3Avoid swimming, hot tubs, or immersing your eyes totally in water.
  • 4Doctors recommend at least one day of rest after the surgery, but you can still work the next day.
  • 5You may start noticing vision improvement immediately, but complete recovery and vision improvement needs 2-3 months to manifest.

Risks of LASIK Surgery

LASIK surgery is a very successful procedure, but it still poses some potential risks such as:

Risks of LASIK Surgery
  • 1Poor or irregular healing
  • 2Long-term vision problems
  • 3Dry eye syndrome
  • 4Astigmatism
  • 5Unsatisfactory results
  • 6Vision loss (very rare)

LASIK modifies the shape of the cornea using a laser. It mostly uses a precise tool to remove a thin layer of the corneal surface, except a small part that keeps it attached to the eye and is pushed back of the eyeball.

Doctors often recommend LASIK surgery for people who meet the following criteria: 18 years or older who have stable vision Have a refractive error that can be treated with LASIK surgery Have thick, healthy cornea and without major eye issues Have realistic expectations

The laser procedure causes no pain at all, but after the treatment, patients may feel some discomfort that will go away after several days.

The procedure takes approximately 30 minutes.

The price of LASIK surgery varies from place to another, depending on the experience of the doctor, the technique used, and the place where the procedure is performed.

Laser eye surgery is a very effective treatment. The surgery has achieved very high success rate of around 99%.



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